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Available below are the first Semester notes of physics.That includes topics such as HE-NE LASER, DIFFRACTION, RESOLVING POWER OF GRATING, Maxwell's equation in isotropic dielectric medium, phase velocity, Photodiode, Zener diode, Interference and Laser.


Basic of general trees. Some terms which are explained in this knowledge--Linked Nodes Implementation, Parent Pointer Representation, Equivalence Relations, Theorems on Equivalence Classes, Path Compression, and Building an Equivalence Forest.

Oral Presentation

Tips to improve oral presentation.


Topics included: 1. State of a system, 0th law, equation of state(PDF) 2. Work, heat, first law(PDF) 3. Internal energy, expansion work(PDF) 4. Enthalpy(PDF) 5. Adiabatic changes(PDF) 6. Thermochemistry(PDF) 7. Calorimetry(PDF) 8. Second law(PDF) 9. Entropy and the Clausius inequality(PDF) 10. Entropy and irreversibility(PDF) 11. Fundamental equation, absolute S, third law(PDF) 12. Criteria for spontaneous change(PDF) 13. Gibbs free energy(PDF) 14. Multicomponent systems, chemical potential(PDF) 15. Chemical equilibrium(PDF) 16. Temperature, pressure and Kp(PDF) 17. Equilibrium: application to drug design(PDF) 18. Phase equilibria — one component(PDF) 19. Clausius-Clapeyron equation(PDF) 20. Phase equilibria — two components(PDF) 21. Ideal solutions(PDF) 22. Non-ideal solutions(PDF) 23. Colligative properties(PDF) 24. Introduction to statistical mechanics(PDF) 25. Partition function (q) — large N limit(PDF) 26. Partition function (Q) — many particles(PDF) 27. Statistical mechanics and discrete energy levels 28. Model systems(PDF) 29. Applications: chemical and phase equilibria(PDF) 30. Introduction to reaction kinetics(PDF) 31. Complex reactions and mechanisms(PDF) 32. Steady-state and equilibrium approximations(PDF) 33. Chain reactions(PDF) 34. Temperature dependence, Ea, catalysis(PDF) 35. Enzyme catalysis(PDF)

Linked Lists

The attatchment includes relevant information about linked lists.Most basic, which is required of data structures, is to have a clear understanding of linked lists. It is known because of its versatility and therefore, is very handy. This pdf will help building your basic concepts on Linked lists.

Engineering Graphics

Engineering Drawing can supply all the information needed with the exactness and details required. It is therefore, one of the principal functions of drawing to convey ideas from the design engineer to the fabricator. Hence, the skill to interpret and construct engineering sketches and drawings is of paramount importance. Study these concepts throughly and broaden your knowledge.

Working of a refrigerator

Working of refrigerator explained in simple terms.

Working of a microwave oven

A simple yet informative ppt on the working of the microwave oven.


The topic discussed in the attatchments below is of the chapter- HTML and subject- computer science, software engineering. The content in the documents below comprises of topics such as HTML files, HTML tags, Logical Tags, Physical Tags, HTML Character Entities, HTML Fonts, HTML Background, HTML Colors, HTML Lists, HTML LinksThe Anchor Tag and the Name Attribute, etc.