Let us just start with the different options which can be thought of after completion of B.Tech:
1. Job after graduation (B.Tech) - The job opportunities after B.Tech is a good option. You can enter the software industry according to your specialization provided you possess good communication skills. It is better to get job in a company through campus placements as it is difficult to get job after you are out of the college. You can also do job for sometime after completing B.Tech and then start studying for your P.G course. We know it is not an easy task to look for a job which fulfills our requirement but in an age of so much competition it is a troublesome task. If you are economically efficient and don’t need a job, it is better you go for your further studies. A specialization will always earn you more salary as well as priority during interviews and of course sound grip over subject. Otherwise you can find some job.
2. Doing Post Graduation (M.Tech/M.S./MBA) - Most of you think that it is better to stop education at graduation level and invests their efforts in getting a job. Very few are interested towards higher studies. Investing in higher education will yield long term benefits. As B.Tech is a bachelor level course in Technology, one cannot take it as the last and final qualification degree, especially in the present time when the market is full of competition all around. Mere earning a bachelor’s degree cannot give you a job, in the present era. There are more applicants than the number of jobs available, and hence it is very essential for everyone to be specialized in their respective field. Doing post graduation not only gives an additional degree but also it enhances your intellectual and maturity levels. It makes you specialist in a particular area or field so that you will be suitable for specific job.
If one decides to do post graduation then there arises a question, weather to do M.Tech or M.S. or MBA. This decision completely depends on the person and his or her personal interest.
Earn money and live fast- MBA/MS
Earn respect and live peacefully- M.Tech.
If one is more interested in engineering line and want to work in their trade line and want to make a career with engineering projects, then without delay one should go for M.Tech. That will help them in getting a better rank and post in the same line in which they were working or wanted to work after the completion of their B.Tech degree. People who do M.Tech are more into the teaching field. Such people must prepare for entrance exams like GATE/PGCET etc. To face these exams one must prepare from 3rd year itself. Most of the syllabus in GATE includes only 2nd year and 3rd year core subjects.
GATE: Conducted by one of seven Indian Institutes of Technology in rotation, Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an annual exam for admission to M.Tech and M.S. programmes in most engineering institutes in India. It is regarded as a benchmark test for engineering graduates in India. This examination is coordinated by a committee, comprising of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE, Department of Education, and Government of India. The pattern and syllabus are usually based on a candidate's B.Tech. Or BE syllabus. Minimum eligibility for appearing in this exam is usually a B.Tech, BE, B. Arch. or M.Sc. The exam is usually conducted on second Sunday of February.
Some people will prefer doing M.S. rather than M.Tech, as M.Tech has lost its value. Most of the colleges are offering M.Tech without having proper faculty, conducting classes and even in some colleges without attending they are giving degree. Whereas doing M.Tech in reputed organizations like IITs, NITs etc certainly better than doing M.S. in foreign universities. Our IITs are best in the world in undergraduate disciplines only i.e., in B.Tech, and not in graduate disciplines. Each IIT is famous for some streams; if we join selectively then doing M.Tech in IIT is better than doing M.S. otherwise it is better to go for M.S. People who are interested to do M.S. must take exams like TOEFL/IELTS (English proficiency tests) and GRE to get scholarships. Now a day most of the foreign universities are offering graduate courses at affordable costs and many banks are providing loans for doing higher studies.
GRE: The Graduate Record Examination or GRE is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for many graduate schools in English speaking countries. It is created and administered by the Educational Testing Service and is similar in format and content to the SAT. It is a computer based Online Test. The percentile scored in this exam will decide your future in doing M.S in foreign nations.
TOEFL: The Test of English as a Foreign Language (or TOEFL®, pronounced "toe-full" or sometimes "toffle") evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non-native applicants at many English-speaking colleges and universities. A TOEFL score is valid for two years and then is deleted from the official database.
However, if one is more interested in working in the management aspect of companies rather than engineering line, one should go for the MBA degree. The focus today is on acquiring multiple skills and cross functionality rather than specializations: Today organizations are not made up of different departments each of them having a focused task and a limited role; instead today they are made up of teams. These teams consist of people who although have specialized skills but have to synergize their efforts in achieving a common goal. MBA will enable them to work from the management front where they can manage the resources for the benefits of various aspects of the business. A B.Tech from an IIT with an MBA from an IIM is the dream combination as widely approved. And it need not be a B.Tech from an IIT too, any student passing out from IIMs can get upto 15-20 lakhs per month. Also one takes an MBA after M.Tech too, but it is the getting into top B-Schools that matter. CAT conducted by the IIMs (Indian Institute of Managements) is considered as the world’s toughest exam even though the syllabus is just the portions up to standard 10 in school. Some of the B Schools are conducting their own entrance examination and some are conducting common entrance like MAT. Also we can do management programs in foreign universities by taking GMAT.
GMAT: The Graduate Management Admissions Test, better known by the acronym GMAT (pronounced G-mat), is a standardized test for determining aptitude to succeed academically in graduate business studies. The GMAT is used as one of the selection criteria by most respected business schools globally, most commonly for admission into an MBA program.
CAT: Common Admission Test is conducted by IIMs in India for entry to various IIMs present in India. Admissions are based on the scores in CAT exam
MBA/PGDM admissions: The most important exams are the CAT and the MAT. Nearly all the B Schools in India admit students based on the score in them.
January: Faculty of management studies entrance exam (FMS, New Delhi)
January: XAT – XLRI Jamshedpur School of Management test
February: ATMA – AIMS Test for Management Admissions
May: Narsee Monjee Management Aptitude Test – NMAT
September: MAT September (MAT is usually conducted 4 times in a year in February, May, September and December)
November: The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade – IIFT
November: Common Admission Test by IIMs
Mid December: JMET – Joint Management Entrance Test by IIT s for their MBA programmes.
3rd week of December: SNAP – Symbiosis National Aptitude Test
GMAT (for management studies abroad)———can be taken at any time at the respective centres.
February second week ——GATE conducted by IITs and IISc
GRE (for graduate studies abroad)
3. Other Options
a) Preparing for Civil Services: The Indian Civil Service serves as the backbone of India and carries great respect and responsibilities. India's best brains vie for entry into the Indian Civil Services as officers. Even though corporate jobs may offer the best of salaries and perks, a majority of youngsters and their parents still crave entry to the prestigious Indian Civil Services held by the UPSC. The very fact that a big share of every year's top posts in the civil services exams are bagged by professionals from various streams, shows that the IAS is still the dream job for many.
b) Preparing for Defence Services: A graduate can join through the Combined Defence Services examination as a regular/short service commissioned officer. Training for regular commissioned officers is carried out at Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, known as the cradle of Military leadership. Those desirous of joining the Short Service Commission get trained at Officer’s Training Academy at Chennai and serve for a period of five years. On completion of this term he can either resign or opt for an extension for five years or a permanent commission.
Engineering graduates can join in the pre-final or that final year through the University Entry Scheme or after completion of graduation through Technical Graduate Scheme without any written examination, by appearing before the Service Selection Board. In both the cases the candidate gets an ante-date seniority of two years and gets commissioned as a captain.
c) Entrepreneurship: If you have good financial resources, you can also start your own company.