Freedom of speech and expression is a highly debated topic, beacuse the requirement is that it is modified in different situations.
Your freedom should not hinder someone else's freedom at the end of the day !
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Divided into as many as 11 parts, the part one of the Indian Polity focuses on Indian constitutional framework while the part two sheds light on the system of the Government of India. The next three parts of the book provide details about the Central, State and Local Governments and their individual ways of governing while the sixth and seventh parts deal with the Constitutional Bodies and UTs of the India Union. Detailed information on non-constitutional bodies, other constitutional dimensions and working of the Indian constitution have been covered in rest of the parts. Disclaimer: I do not own this book. I just found this on the internet. I am not responsible for any copyright violation.
Briefing on Politics
What is politics? a.) The activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties having power. b.) Activities aimed at improving someone's status or increasing power within an organization. These are the two top googled meanings. For me, politics is an important part of a society. But, unknowingly with the time, the way we have outweighed the definition of politics is completely parochial. The word politics is mainly used in context of politicians. Let us focus on a few references. a.) When you try to sponsor your thoughts and interests in order to get your things done, may what come, people who are jealous of you, say you play dirty politics. b.) A politician makes false promises and claims them to complete once he comes in power. That's politics. It's the choice of the public whether they talk ill of him or give him full support. There are always three groups. They are categorised. If the politician doesn't adhere to what his policies should be, he plays politics for any one of the groups. The second group gives him full support. And, the third group is always neutral. They don't care what politics is and they refrain themselves from having a discrete opinion, which at some points, is minimally wrong. c.) If a student gets good grades and his father works as a teacher in the same school, oftentimes he gets bullied. He has to go through sick remarks. At a much advanced level, other students inadequately think his father gives him all the questions before exams, and thus politics. So, there is a strife among paradoxial and definitions which we have accepted with time which is mindlessly awful. Look, there is always a confrontation. Politics, according to me, is an important part of the society because no society can exist without any political organisations. Collective decision making is an integral part of our daily lives, still people don't find it worthy to engage with. Point is, as you individually need to sustain, thus as a group needs to sustain as well, and for that there are some widely accepted norms within the society which you are a part of. Question is (brought to you by Viden.io) , don't these definitions need to be reformed? Or, is it us who need to bring a change? (Image source : WriterBeat )
Delhi University BA Pol Sc. Hons. notes
B.A. Pol. Sc. Hons. detailed notes for DU political science Students available here. Topics included are democracy, extra ordinary laws, features of constitution, Federalism in India, feminism final-pushpa, FYUP - Democracy., Major_Political_Philosophies, etc. For reference please refer to the attatchments below. #delhiuniversity
DU BA Pol Sc. Hons notes
B.A. Pol Sc hons notes
India In 21st Century
The pace of the day in the life of every common Indian citizen depends on the singular recognised phrase, originating from the antiquity of the Atharva Veda, which is reduced into the form of a material entity that now governs the transactions of daily life. “Satyamev Jayate” is the national motto of the “nation” which is demarcated as the Indian subcontinent today. And in its visual form it is exchanged in everyday negotiations through the Indian currency. Yet, while it remains in its dormant form in the pockets and purses of the citizens, it sustains as an active element of the social fabric of the country. Ever since its Independence, India has struggled to become “e pluribus unum” that is “one state out of many”. The fervour of the struggle for a national identity acts as the determining agent of the palpability of truth in the Indian society. The nature of Indian history dictates a course where the awakening of the “Indian spirit” belied a quest of the society to recognise the social reality of the day. From the Dalit Movements of 1927 to the Feminist Movements in 21st Century India, the social concern for the group specific issues is not a beginning of a struggle as much as the culmination of the process of self reflection. And, as the diverse groups of the Indian country unite in this universal sense of a single “self”, which is misleadingly recognised as the “patriotic nerve”, a brimming core of social revolution begins to take shape at the heart of the “Indian” spirit, I identify it as a revolution for it threatens to overpower the authority of the State. Hence, these social forces are deeply knitted into the social fabric such that they can be neither removed nor subdued until the resolution of its concerns. Being at the bed of a history which speaks of a number of civil movements, the 21st century India witnesses the echoes of the revolutions past and the nurturing of newer self reflections. The winning spree of the Modi Government in the allurement of “Achhe Din” which promised no corruption and equal rights was the concluding chapter of a movement that began with the frustration of the poor and the increased economic differences. And it is worth a notice that the face of such an upheaval of the “common man” must be a person of the same constitution as the people who elected him. To add to this political trope of addressing the ‘voice of the un-heard’, is the recently paced movement of women rights that addresses half of the country’s citizens and discusses about the social position of the other “better half”. In the wake of the Nirbhaya Case of 2012 the women’s movement has set a curve of growth that has reached the immediate politics of the day. With the Supreme Court considering and re-considering the arguments for legality of Triple Talaq one can clearly infer that Feminist movement by far is the only social movement that has so instantaneously moved the Laws and the Contemporary Politics. In between the above major arousals of the societal mass lie the ruptures which centred around the issue(s) of patriotism, protection of rights of the Dalits and the minor racial and religious communities. It is necessary to add that these ruptures succeed the lineage of social revolutions which originated before the Independence of India and yet one can identify a relatively different orientation with which they operate. The abounding reason for the same draws on the picture of the Present. With the multiplicity of issues that arouse the society today, the diverse groups in the populous of India have taken a defensive stance in the face of testing times. To the existential anxieties of these groups which differ in terms of ethnicity, race, culture, colour or language, the exposure to a global platform has increased the impulse of irrational use of power. The public protests against Jallikattu on the behest of preserving 1000 years old heritage and the reactions of the so called “Culture guards” to the rumours of a threat in Rajasthan are instances of a social force which has been aimlessly misused. Against such a picture, 21st century India bows to become a society which is held on a precarious and vulnerable balance. However, in the progressivism, which foreign forces like globalisation promise, the Indian thought locates a shift in paradigms. Starting from the metropolitan cities like Delhi and Mumbai, the reactions to the aforementioned social ruptures takes an entirely different face. Delhi and Mumbai are exceedingly becoming the bed of modern thought for they are inhabited by a number of representatives from different communities each of which assert and exemplify a newfound interest. Therefore, it is imperative to conclude that quest of the 21st century India is, if not aligned to, but affiliated to a quest for realising reason. And even more so to the aim of incorporating it into the dogmatic social framework that does not allow space for individual development. Thus, the shifting equations between the Individual and the society are the defining features of India in the 21st century.