A single software is not used in all the industries. Softwares these days are highly customized based on the specific industrial scope.
Gearbox based industries use KISSSOFT Software.
Pro Engineer is used in a number of industries.
Industries having a focus on Product Design use CATIA for rendering purposes.
Solidworks is now catching up quickly. A lot of companies are adopting solidworks for component modelling and assembly.
AutoCad is used for drafting purposes and production drawings, blueprints. Generally tool drawings of jigs and fixtures are done in AutoCad.
Autodesk Inventor is also used along with Solidworks. However lot of professionals are admitting that assembly features are much better in Solidworks.