Job Options in Field Biology
Job Options in Field BiologyBiology can be broadly defined as the study of living things, but there are many careers that focus on more specific subjects, such as zoology and marine biology. Field biologists work to increase knowledge about the world of nature and address problems that affect life on Earth. These include providing sustainable and safe food supplies, controlling pollution and monitoring threats to human and animal well-being.Soil and Plant ScientistsField biologists with an interest in improving agricultural production and ensuring a viable food supply may want to work as soil and plant scientists. Soil and plant scientists conduct experiments that are designed to improve crop yields and control destructive pests like rodents or locusts. They may study soil composition to determine how different chemicals and minerals affect plant growth. These scientists often make recommendations to landowners or farmers about methods they can use to increase production and stop problems such as erosion.According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), soil and plant scientists may work in scientific research and development within the agricultural chemical manufacturing industry or for technical consulting services. In May of 2015, the BLS reported an average annual salary for this profession of $60,050.Educational RequirementsMost jobs in this area require at least a bachelor's degree in botany, biology or a related field. A general background in life sciences as well as chemistry, mathematics and technology is also beneficial, according to O*Net Online. Records from the BLS indicate that these professionals may also earn graduate degrees to improve job prospects.ZoologistBiologists interested in learning about animal genetics, diseases, behavior and life cycles might want to become zoologists. Zoologists collect and examine biological data to better understand the effects that varying environmental conditions are having on certain animal species. They may also conduct experiments with live animals in the field and analyze the data they gather. Zoologists may work in fisheries, marine areas, forests or other environments.The BLS states that in May 2015 zoologists and wildlife biologists earned a median annual salary of $59,680. They may work for state or local government offices, in scientific and research firms or social advocacy organizations.Educational RequirementsMost zoologists have either bachelor's or master's degrees in a biological sciences field like zoology or marine biology. A background in science, mathematics, and technology is needed to obtain these degrees. Coursework may include the study of animal physiology, cellular biology, entomology, ecology and similar subjects.MicrobiologistThe BLS defines microbiologists as individuals who investigate the characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as algae or bacteria. While much of their work is done in a laboratory setting and is aided by the use of microscopes and other technical equipment, microbiologists still work in the field gathering samples and observing environmental interactions. Microbiologists may specialize in one of several areas including agriculture, food or immunology.In 2015, the BLS notes that the median annual salary for microbiologists was $67,550. They worked for medical and diagnostic laboratories, chemical manufacturing firms or pharmaceutical companies, among other enterprises.Educational RequirementsAs of 2014, of the professionals in this field who responded to survey questions, 36% had received doctoral level training, according to O*Net Online, while 36% had earned only bachelor's degrees, and 9% had obtained post-baccalaureate certificates. Collegiate coursework consists of the study of all life sciences with a special emphasis on cellular biology, immunology and related subjects.Individuals interested in field biology have a wide range of options available within the areas and sub-areas of biology. Education requirements include the minimum of a bachelor's degree, but graduate degrees are often required as well. Job duties vary by specialty, but in general they include gathering data, observing living organisms in their environments, running experiments, and interpreting findings
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THE ART OF NOTEMAKING
Making Tips from the Experts Understand your Learning Style. Question Why You Are Taking Notes. Don’t Record Every Single Comment. Link your Notes to Your Syllabus. Use Technology to Your Advantage. Review Your Notes Regularly. Include Visuals such as Mind Maps. Get Insight from Your Classmates. Don’t Write Notes Mindlessly. Try Not To Get Frustrated.
5 Interesting Facts about Semi-trucks
1. In Case You Didn’t Notice, Semi-trucks are Massive!Semi-trucks are 18-wheelers and weigh about 80,000 pounds or 40 tons; whereas, most cars only weight about 5,000 pounds. With the exception of the steer axle, each axle can handle up to 34,000 pounds of weight, which is the legal weight. They’re also quite long with an average length of 70 - 80 feet, and the standard height for a semi-truck is about 13 – 14 feet. 2. Semi-trucks Have So Many Gears! If you think driving a standard 5-gear car is challenging, try driving a semi-truck! Most of them have 10 forward gears and 2 reverse gears. Though these are the standard set of gears for most trucks, there are semi-trucks that have 9, 10, 13, 15, and 18 gears as well! In order for a truck driver to shift gears, they have to use the double-clutch technique. Driving a semi-truck is not a simple job!3. They are Surprisingly Quite Expensive too. A brand new cab for a semi-truck starts anywhere from $130,000 to $180,000. And that’s just for the cab. Buyers also need to purchase a trailer, which typically costs anywhere from $30,000 to $80,000. Not a small price tag at all. 4. Jack Knifing is The Number One Cause of Semi-Truck Accidents.Jack knifing is usually the result of a breaking accident, and what happens is the trailer usually swings out at a 90-degree angle and it then comes to a rest. It can hit the driver as well as other drivers along the way. There are many possible factors that can cause a semi-truck to jack knife. Things like road conditions, speed, weight of the load the truck might be carrying, and turning on a curved pass, can cause the truck to jack knife. It’s important to remember that semi-trucks also take a long time to break. 5. Semi-Trucks Can Be Linked to More Big Numbers. Here are some other big numbers with which semi-trucks are associated:2 Billion – is the approximate number of truck drivers in the United States. 140 Billion Miles – is the total annual driving length of all semi-trucks in the United States. 13 Billion Tons – this is the total weight of goods delivered throughout the U.S., which averages about 60,000 pounds per American. $255.5 Billion – is the approximate value of the 13 billion tons delivered by semi-trucks.Semi-trucks can easily be linked to big business and we often forget about how they are such an essential part of our lives. Truck drivers are not the only jobs that need to be filled. Explore the other career possibilities available in this booming industry.