Knowledge in Educational Psychology

How helpful is Mugging up?

Something about the most practiced way of scoring marks these days which is always mixed with “Studying” by most of the people. Be it school going children or college going students everyone’s major motto these days is to score marks and, they mug up to do that. The fact that the amount of knowledge we gain out of it is something different. Mugging up is one of the most common & practiced ways which is in trend these days and which will most probably stay in the education fraternity always. But the question which one should ask themselves is that “how helpful is mugging up to us?” or the reason why we practice it is just for the sake of getting some marks under our belt. For almost all the cases the answer will be to score marks only. For everyone out there, this should be a thing worth giving a thought about. Studies are supposed to enhance our knowledge & thinking about a subject but, mugging up takes it away from the purpose. When you mug up a topic, say gravity. You don’t think about the topic in and out or you don’t give yourself a reason why do we take the acceleration with the negative sign when an object is thrown upwards. This is a very basic example and everyone would know this by default. But, if this is the case about every topic which one mugs up, it is going to be a major problem and an issue which one should do something for. Education is meant to be understood with ample amount of reasons to fulfil its purpose in our lives rather than just remembering things before the night of an exam and writing it up on the next day. Undoubtedly, marks have their own importance which cannot be left out. But, at the same time, this importance should not come in the way of gaining knowledge. So, everyone should study with the thought of gaining something from it other than marks.

Life in a College

No matter how ready you are in your head for getting into college but, you'll be anxious as soon as you get into one. New friends, new environment and a whole lot of freedom. One may feel homesick too when they get into a college, especially the ones shifting away from their family for the first time may miss their family and friends which are natural and happens to almost everyone at some point in their lives.  What one should focus on should be making friends with some common interests as they'll be the ones who'll stay with you for the span of next 3-4 years and we all love to be surrounded by our friends especially in hostels. In college, you should concentrate on both, studies and curricular activities. As far as studies are concerned unlike as in schools, people have to study mostly on their own, life in a college makes you able to work in deadlines. Apart from studies one should, read news, attend seminars, visit the library, and take part in the happenings in the campus and so on. Life at any college can be busy and a bit hectic at times but it'll all get to normal (maybe in a semester). One has to wake up by 7 to make it to the morning class on time and has to keep up with the pace till 11 in the night.  Apart from the hectic schedule people get to learn a lot, experience a bunch of new things and, let's face it, college life is one unforgettable journey and everyone remember theirs and cherish it. 

How thinking life an Entrepreneur helps in life?

We just need to develop those skills and qualities even if we’re not building businesses. This is what Sorin V. Chiriac, Entrepreneur and Director of Business Development at REKZE Laboratories LLC thinks. It took him almost 10 long years of business entrepreneurship to value the life lessons he learned in his journey as an entrepreneur. He started as a tech entrepreneur and launched several successful start-ups. Later on, he switched his focus from technology to the cosmetics industry, and his company became sole importer and supplier of premium derma-cosmetics brands in the Eastern European market. Later on, he became Director of Business Development at REKZE Laboratories LLC. He believes entrepreneurship can be very enriching for personal development in particular and an entrepreneurial mindset2 can actually offer great benefits in your own daily life. Believe anything is possible. The first and most important lesson he can share is that you have to always believe anything is possible. This goes beyond the desire in your heart; it means that when you believe something is possible, it’s also doable. If something is doable, you have to focus on how to do it. This trains your mind to see solutions rather than problems and distinguish the priorities in your life. Take time to appreciate small accomplishments. As an entrepreneur, you’ll fail more times than you’ll remember and you’ll almost never see any rewards of your efforts overnight. Success takes time and, often, more than you thought. But entrepreneurship is also about the little steps like receiving a “Thank you” card from a client or your first sale. All great things are built slowly. It’s the same in life. When you start appreciating the small accomplishments, you also start to see things differently. You learn to be patient and learn to use what you have, rather than wait for what you don’t have. You learn to make things happen. Don’t do things alone. When we think about entrepreneurship, we envision something singular. Sharing your ideas and working alongside someone that shares the same beliefs can be very enriching and many times can help you find the needle in the hay of success. If there is something more that Sorin V. Chiriac learned from his entrepreneurial endeavors is that people you surround yourself with are essential for your success. They say if you’re the smartest in the room, you’re probably in the wrong room. Being at odds with someone challenging your ideas can be as constructive in life as it is in business. It’s the same for people supporting your ideas. Having someone believing in you at a time when you cannot find motivation is priceless. Most important: understand you can’t do it all. We need people to help you with little things so you can focus on a handful of your most important goals. Just do it. They say you don’t have to be a genius to be an innovator. Well, that’s perfectly accurate. Most of the ideas and inventions were not new. They became new when they hit the market. When you come up with an idea, the next step is to go for it and patent such an idea,3 or someone else will do it for you. This is valid in every aspect of life. Sometimes being first is better than being perfect.

Just Hold on!

Life is a chance in many directions ,the better and suitable direction we choose the better it is.We are suggested at many things ,but the way we consider the suggestion is what matters. What I am trying to tell is ,there are many opportunities life provides and they are completely open but we don't know which one to choose. Hence we stay confused who we are . Each and every opportunity is interconnected. Either getting to be an engineer or being an doctor or an banker is an opportunity.The opportunities doesn't stop, it continues.  An Engineer can create medical equipments and machines for doctors and doctors can keep engineers healthy.Its just about solving problems to each other Choose a path to solve a specific problem in a best way possible.

Making happiness last longer

For most people, the sense of happiness derived from a luxurious vacation, a good movie or a tasty dinner at a restaurant may seem short-lived, but what if it were possible to extend these feelings of enjoyment? Researchers from the University of Minnesota and Texas A&M University decided to explore whether the way people frame their goals for an experience influences how much happiness they glean from the experience over time. They started by questioning whether the traditional approach to setting goals could be limiting the level of happiness for consumers, and their findings will be published in the October issue of the Journal of Consumer Psychology. Prior research has shown that people are more likely to have a sense of well-being if they set specific goals that are concrete and easy to measure -- rather than broad, general goals that may be harder to quantify and attain. While this approach may be effective in setting work, exercise or weight loss goals, the researchers hypothesized that this may not be as beneficial when happiness is the goal. In this area of life, general goals may be an advantage because people will be open to experiencing a broader range of positive emotions. "If people watch a movie with a specific goal like feeling excitement, then they may be less likely to remember the funny or meaningful elements of the movie," says Rohini Ahluwalia, a professor of marketing at the University of Minnesota and author of the study. "We predicted that people with general goals would engage a broader range of emotions and experience more happiness over time." In one experiment, the researchers asked participants to describe an important purchase they had made in the past month. One group described purchases aimed at increasing their level of joy and happiness in life -- a general goal. The other two groups described purchases they had made for more specific goals: to become happier by increasing excitement or to become happier by increasing peace of mind and relaxation. Then the participants completed a survey with questions about how much initial happiness they had derived from the purchase. Two weeks later, the participants received an e-mail asking how much their purchase was contributing to their overall happiness, and how aware they were of it at that point in time. They received an e-mail with the same questions six weeks after their initial purchase. The results from the study showed that although the levels of happiness were equal for the three groups at the initial time of the purchase, those who had more general goals reported more happiness as time passed. The difference between the groups was the most significant six weeks later. "Our findings suggest that people can change the amount of happiness they get out of an experience," Ahluwalia says. "A general happiness goal can leave a longer-lasting positive emotional imprint." This can apply to material purchases like a new car or dress as well as experiential purchases like spending money on vacation or a new music album. Another experiment in the study showed that participants with broader happiness goals experienced more positive emotions after listening to a new song than the participants who had a specific goal of feeling excitement and energy. The participants with the broader goals were also willing to pay more for the song. "Although more studies are needed to confirm our findings, these initial results show that we can make small changes in our thinking patterns to help us experience more joy," Ahluwalia says. "Given that short-lived happiness after experiences is such a common phenomenon, this is an important step in stretching that timeline."

Students' social skills flourish best in groups.

Research shows that the behavior of the people you most spend time with can affect your own behavior, for better or worse. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have found that children who need assistance improving their social skills might benefit more when grouped with peers who have similar social skill levels, rather than with peers who have a similar disability or disorder. "We know that how you group children together in an intervention situation matters immensely," said Janine Stichter, professor of special education at the MU College of Education. "However, we have to consider what types of groups work better than others and create the best positive behavior outcomes." Stichter and her team worked with nearly 300 students with varying social disorders across 34 middle schools to test what conditions make group-based social interventions more effective. Current practices are often ineffective, she says, because children are conveniently grouped together by matching class schedules or similar disorders. Stichter found that grouping by disability or disorder is less successful at creating positive behavior changes than grouping children by similar social abilities. "One child might have difficulties looking people in the face, while another might have issues staying on topic," Stichter said. "However, if they both are at the level where they can interact and realize they have behaviors that need to be corrected, they can communicate effectively and help each other in a group setting. They essentially learn together." For example, it might not be ideal to form groups made up solely of children on the autism spectrum. Instead, it could be more beneficial for children's development to group them with others who have similar social abilities but have a wide array of challenges. "Social skills aren't just about friendship. It's about being able to react to and thrive in your environment," Stichter said. "That's why families and practitioners have this drive to help children as early and as effectively as we possibly can. If we're not taking the time to match children with the correct interventions, then we run the risk of wasting time and possibly hampering their development."



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