Knowledge in Health Psychology

STRESS MANAGEMENT

Stress as a phenomenon isn’t good for great. Homo sapiens tend to stress on anything, be it work, family, well-being, etc. Though, stress can be good in some cases in which people stress on something and then end up working harder which eventually leads them to their goal. But, 90% of the cases don’t go this way. People under stress are more prone and exposed to permanent diseases like blood pressure and in some severe cases, this can even lead to budding of heart problems. Stress Management is one of the cures which gives us a way to deal with the problem. Effective stress management leads to a healthier and happier life. Stress management involves a wide range of techniques and psychotherapies which control stress levels in a person’s life.  Firstly, people should begin to realize within themselves about the cause for their stresses and whether the problems are temporary or permanent. Also, people should try and let go of unhealthy ways which they use to get over the stress in their lives, typical examples can be procrastination, smoking, junk food, sleeping more than the normal durations, etc. Secondly, one should try and avoid unnecessary stresses like worrying about results, worrying about some approaching exams rather than studying for them. Some of the most common stresses can be avoided with a bit of positive thinking. Also, the company of some people who stress a lot can lead you too to stress unnecessarily. People should try to alter problems by reframing them and trying to change perspectives about them, for example, there lies no point on stressing about an upcoming result, as, whether you stress about it or not, the result would have no changes in it, so why not keep calm about it.  Stresses can also be sometimes related to some problems which you need to accept as you can’t change them and hence there is no point stressing over them. So, one should try and adapt to such issues in their lives. In the end, everyone should know that no issue or stress can ever be justified for giving up.  

Healthier the Better

The title for the most famous phrase would definitely go to the phrase “Health is Wealth”. Health is the most important sphere of any person’s life. Undoubtedly, there is nothing in our life that is more valuable than good health. Without health, there is no happiness, no peace, and no success. If everyone knows and realizes the importance of good health early in their lives then they’ll get one step closer to their goals. Health is a type of a pre-requisite for human life, there lies no meaning in one’s life if they are unfit. It’s a famous saying that “a healthy mind resides in a healthy soul”. Being true to its core, this phrase holds true for everyone on the face of this earth. Even a rich person can’t enjoy the pleasure of being rich if he is unfit. A healthy person is completely free from any illness or injury. Our health depends upon several factors, such as food, exercises we do, sleeping habits, mental stress, the air which we breathe, water and sunlight. Food is certainly the primary cause of a person being in a poor state of health, but as time is passing by the newer generation is getting more induced towards having fast food which is not good for their health. An improper diet can cause, obesity, cholesterol problems, depression, lower stamina, etc. Apart from intake habits, the amount of stress which we lay on our mind also plays a vital role in our health conditions too. Also, for staying healthy one should do ample amount of exercises, exercises could be in any form such as running, outdoor sports or going to a gym. It’s high time and we all should start doing something towards our better health so that we could enjoy all the successes which are going to come our way in the future. As health is more valuable than money. Money cannot buy health and happiness. But a healthy person remains in a state of bliss and satisfaction.

Heartbeat paces learning, study finds

The electrophysiological activity of the brain is dominated by rhythmically coupled oscillations with different frequencies. The synchrony between oscillations enables effective communication locally and between brain regions. Many physiological functions, such as breathing and heartbeat, are also rhythmically coupled in nature. Furthermore, the rhythms of the brain and body are coupled. For instance, the neural activities of the hippocampus and the breathing pattern have been shown to oscillate in synchrony. The hippocampus is a crucial brain structure for learning, meaning that the rhythmical coupling of the brain and the body might affect the learning process. The Behavioral Neuroscience Group from the Department of Psychology in the University of Jyväskylä studied the effects of the cardiac cycle in a simple learning task. The group investigated how learning is modulated by the cardiac cycle. In the experiments the conditioned stimulus was a tone followed by an air puff directed at the eye. The unconditioned stimulus, the air puff, causes an involuntary eyeblink. Eventually the blinking of the eye occurs spontaneously before the air puff as a result of learning. The neuronal responses to the tone were modulated by the cardiac cycle in both humans and rabbits. In addition, the learning rates of the rabbits were enhanced when the conditioned stimulus was presented during the resting phase of the cardiac cycle. "Our results showed that the processing of the external information varies during the phases of the cardiac cycle," says Tomi Waselius. "It is possible that the activity of the cardiorespiratory neurons in the brain stem affects the overall neural state of the hippocampus and thus the neural processing of the external information. This is only speculation and we have commenced complementary studies to support these ideas." Waselius suggests that it would be interesting to study how bodily rhythms modulate learning in, for example, Alzheimer patients. The article was selected as an APSselect article by the American Physiological Society. The issue consists of the ten best articles published in July and it is now freely available from the website of the Journal of Neurophysiology.