Knowledge in Physiology

Imune system and its function

Imune system and its function Anatomy of imune system Imune rsponse

Renal physiology and functions

Brief of Renal system General function Nephron and its function Micturition

Peripheral nervous system

Brief of Peripheral nervous system Overview Its Divisions Somatic nervous system Autonomic nervous system

Nervous system

Brief of Nervous system and its function Organisation of the CNS In the nervous system

Digestive physiology and its function

Brief of Digestive physiology Basic of GI function Regulation of GI function Phase of digestion Absorption Protective function of GI

Cell physiology and its function

Cell Physiology • The “Inner Life of a Cell” • Components and their functions • Cell to Cell Junctions - Forming Tissues • How it’s Integrated

Cell physiology - genertion of membrane potentials

• Membrane potentials – what they are • Formation of membrane potentials • Types and uses of membrane potentials • The significance of membrane potenti

Cellular Metabolism and function

Cellular metabolisim • Energy Systems & Flow • Metabolism Basics • Cellular Respiration – Glycolysis – Citric Acid Cycle – Electron Transport Chain & Oxidative Phosphorylation • Substitutes – what can be used besides glucose & how?

Hormones & Chemical Signaling

• Communication Basics – Communication Overview – Communication Methods – Signal pathways • Regulation (modulation) of signal pathways – Homeostasis . . . again • Endocrine System – Hormones • what they are • How they work

Electrical Signaling

• Using ions as messengers • Potentials in electrical signaling – Action – Graded • Other electrical signaling – Gap junctions • The neuron

Electrical & Chemical Signaling Part 2

• Graded Potentials • Other electrical signaling – Gap junctions • The Process of Synaptic Transmission – Events releasing Neurotransmitters – Neurotransmitters • Modulation & Stopping Transmission

Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance Integrating Respiratory, Urinary and Digestive Physiology

• Body Fluid, Fluid Compartments • Body Water Body Water – Regulation of Gain – Regulation of Loss • The Electrolytes • Movement of body fluids – between plasma and interstitial fluid – between interstitial and intracellular between interstitial and intracellular • Acid Base Balance – Buffer systems – Exhalation of Carbon Dioxide – Kidney Excretion • Acid Base Imbalances – Acidosis Acidosis vs Alkalosis