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Research Methodology

Notes on Questionnaire Design

Distance in Civil Engineering

Distance in Civil Engineering

Management Information Systems - Startup idea

The file is a presentation containing a start-up idea. The business model contains all the details pertaining to the key stakeholders, revenue stream, cost stream, etc. 

PMNRF for cancer patients

Prime Minister National Relief Fund PMNRF has been created to help people in the treatment of cancer, heart surgeries, kidney transplantation, etc. There have been many cases where the funds have been disbursed for cancer treatment. One such case is a person in Jharkhand who was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma, cancer that starts in white blood cells. He got 3 lakh from PMNRF and 1.5 lakh through state relief fund. Procedure to apply for PMNRF: 1.     Applicants first need to fill the form. The form can be downloaded from the link. 2.     They need to enclose two photographs one pasted and one attached to the form. 3.     Along with the form, a copy of residence proof should be attached. 4.      The original medical certificate which has the information about the type of disease and the total expected expenses of the treatment should also be attached. 5.     Income certificate should be attached too 6.     Send the application along with above-mentioned documents to PM at the address: Prime Minister's Office, South Block, Raisina Hill New Delhi-110011 The disbursements are made at the discretion of PM only. Usually, a part of the treatment expenses is funded.

BMW Reveals Second Generation X4 SUV

The big news coming out is that the BMW has revealed the second generation X4 SUV online. This has come ahead of the car’s scheduled global debut at 2018 Geneva Motor Show in March. The luxury SUV is positioned between X3 and X5. It is expected to launch in India sometime in late 2018 or in early 2019. Its arrival will be a challenge to the Range Rover Evoque here. While the first generation X4 was launched in global market, it was not available in India, but the Bavarian auto giant believes with the new model it will be able to draw attention of buyers in domestic market. Specifications : The demands for luxury cars in India are increasing fast and BMW has done its homework right to cover this aspect. BMW has good reason to be confident about the possible success of new X4. The car is underpinned by the same CLAR platform that hosts the new 7-Series and X3 as well. Thanks to the CLAR platform, second-gen BMW X4 comes around 50 kg lighter than its predecessor. This has helped the luxury SUV in achieving improved driving dynamics and better handling. Thanks to 81 mm of extra length, 37 mm of width and 54 mm of extra wheelbase, new BMW X4 offers more space and comfort to the occupants. In terms of design, it gets the automaker’s signature kidney grille with vertical slats, LED corona ring headlamps, integrated LED daytime running lights, LED fog lamps, LED taillights along with muscular bumpers at both front and rear ends. Apart from that, it also gets large alloy wheels, sharp character lines and a coupe-like roofline. Inside the cabin it has an all-black theme with red contrast stitching adds zing to the SUV. Similar features as the third generation X3. There is BMW’s iDrive infotainment system with voice and gesture control. High-end trims get paddle shifter with steering wheel. It gets M Sport suspension as standard, Hill Descent Control, Hill Start Assist systems. On the powertrain front, 2018 BMW X4 gets two petrol engines and two diesel motors as well. Transmission duty will be done by an 8-speed automatic gearbox that sends power to all the four wheels via BMW’s xDrive system. Overall : Released just four years after the original X4 first hit dealer forecourts, the new model will take advantage of the new X3’s underpinnings. The SUV coupe styling – dubbed sports activity coupe by the German firm – gets a sportier look than its sister car, plenty of BMW’s latest technology, and a couple of M-badged trims. BMW says it has sold 200,000 X4s since introducing the model in 2014, and it will be hoping that number increases dramatically with the introduction of this new version. Thus we all are awaiting eagerly for the launch and since with advances in its style and excess power it will certainly be a power packed model to rule its market segment.

Social Media

Some Basics Questions Answered about Social Media


A woman from New Orleans who read the article on ravens that I wrote when I had just started to investigate whether and how ravens share, wrote me: "I did not have so much trouble as you did in showing that ravens share. I see them at my feeder - they even feed one another". There are no ravens in New Orleans, nor anywhere else in Louisiana. Perhaps what she actually saw were several large dark birds (crows? Grackles?), one of which fed another one or two (probably their grown offspring traveling along with them).  People commonly confuse personal interpretations with factual observations. This tendency is a special bane in getting reliable observations on ravens because so much ingrained folklore about them exists that it is difficult to look at them objectively. I once read an article about a trapper/writer in Alaska. Knowing he would be familiar with ravens in the north, I wrote to ask him if he had seen ravens feeding in crowds. He had a lot of raven stories to tell. First, he said "everyone" he knew, knew that ravens share their food. He was surprised at the ignorance of us armchair scientists so far away, who would even question it. Ravens were "clever enough" to raid the fish he kept on racks for his dogs. They proved their cleverness by posting a "twenty-four-hour guard" at his cabin. (How did he distinguish this, I wondered, from birds waiting for an opportunity to feed?) As soon as he left the cabin, a raven was there to "spread the word". (Read: Flew away and/or called.) He claimed that one raven "followed" him all day. (Read: He occasionally saw a raven.) It then "reported back" to the others so that they could all leave just before he got back from his day on the trapline. (Read: He saw several leave together, and there were none when he got back to the cabin door.) Many of the birds "raided" (fed from?) his fish rack, and his idea of their "getting out the word" to ravens for miles around is that the one who discovers the food calls, and thereby summons all the birds in neighboring territories, who then also call in an ever-enlarging ring of information sharing. (An interesting thought).) It was no mystery to him why the birds would do this: they are "gossiping". "It seems obvious", he said, "that the birds get excited, and they simply cannot hold in their excitement - that lets others know". Any why should they evolve such transparent excitement? That, too, was "obvious": "Because it is best for the species". This stock answer explains nothing. It was disturbing to me to see anyone so facilely blur the distinction between the observations and interpretations and then even go so far as to make numerous deductions without the slightest shred of evidence. When I was very young and did not "see" what seemed obvious to adults, I often though I was stupid and unsuited for science. Now I sometimes wonder if that is why I make progress. I see the ability to invent interconnections as no advantage whatsoever where the discovery of truth is the objective. There are those who believe that science consists entirely of disproving alternative hypotheses, as if when you eliminate the alternative views, the one you have left is right. The problem is that there is no way to think of all the possible hypotheses that nature can devise. More than that, you have to prove which is the most reasonable. But any one hypothesis can, with a limited data set, be reasonable. There is at least a touch of truth in the idea that any variable affects another. If you look long and determinedly enough you will find that almost any variable element you choose to examine apparently affects the behavior you are studying. You have to be able to skim over what is not important or relevant to your problem, and to concentrate long enough on the prime movers to unearth sufficient facts that, presuming they are recognized, add up to something. Q. 6.

Primary research through Questionnaire

Analysing primary and secondary data to get insights on the topic at hand

Essay: Education is the key

Essay: Education is the key 

CAT 2008 question along with solution

This CAT 2008 questions along with solutions will help future CAT aspirants.

IPL 2018 Highest Paid Players

The much awaited IPL auctions had some very interesting stats when the Day 1 ended. The top scorer and highest wicket taker of the IPL namely Chris Gayle and Lasith Malinga went unsold. The confidence was placed into the tried and tested players. The franchises had the chance to retain players and some of them made full use of it to retain their star players. The rules of IPL were made in a way that allows the retained players to earn a huge chunk of money and hence a few teams decided to go into the auctions with full purse. Ben Stokes remains the hottest property in the Indian Premier League although questions were raised on his availability. The English all-rounder had steered Rising Pune Supergiants to the playoffs last year, was bought  by Rajasthan Royals for  Rs 12.50 crore which makes him the most expensive buy of the first day of auctions. Other big winners include KL Rahul who was bought by Kings XI Punjab for Rs 11 crore and Rashid Khan for Rs 9 crore.  Looking at the overall story of the retained players and the auctioned players we have the Indian cricket team captain Virat Kohli at the top with 17Cr and followed by the previous Indian cricket team captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni and highly talented Rohit Sharma at 15Cr. Ben Stokes comes next in the list with 12.5Cr making him the costliest buy of this season followed by Steve Smith and David Warner who were both retained for 12Cr to their name. After establishing the stronghold on top 3 the Indian players came back into the top grosser with Hardik Pandya and Suresh Raina being retained for 11Cr each and also K L Rahul and Manish Pandey being sold for 11Cr. South African A B De Villers also joins them at 11Cr mark to complete the list of Top 10 players.     The Squads : CSK : MS Dhoni, Suresh Raina, Ravindra Jadeja, Faf du Plessis, Harbhajan Singh, Dwayne Bravo, Shane Watson, Kedar Jadhav, Ambati Rayudu, Imran Tahir, Karn Sharma, Shardul Thakur  DD : Chris Morris, Rishabh Pant, Shreyas Iyer, Glenn Maxwell, Gautam Gambhir, Jason Roy, Colin Munro, Mohammad Shami, Kagiso Rabada, Amit Mishra, Prithvi Shaw, Rahul Tewatia, Vijay Shankar KXIP : Axar Patel, Ravichandran Ashwin, Yuvraj Singh, Karun Nair, KL Rahul, David Miller, Aaron Finch, Marcus Stoinis, Mayank Agarwal, Ankit Singh Rajpoot, Manoj Tiwary, Mohit Sharma  KKR : Sunil Narine, Andre Russell, Mitchell Starc, Chris Lynn, Dinesh Karthik, Robin Uthappa, Piyush Chawla, Kuldeep Yadav, Shubman Gill, Ishank Jaggi, Kamlesh Nagarkoti, Nitish Rana, Vinay Kumar MI : Rohit Sharma, Hardik Pandya, Jasprit Bumrah, Kieron Pollard, Mustafizur Rahman, Patrick Cummins, Suryakumar Yadav, Krunal Pandya, Ishan Kishan, Rahul Chahar, Evin Lewis, Saurabh Tiwary, Ben Cutting RR : Steve Smith, Ben Stokes, Ajinkya Rahane, Stuart Binny, Sanju Samson, Jos Buttler, Rahul Tripathi, D'Arcy Short, Jofra Archer, Krishnappa Gowtham, Dhawal Kulkarni, Jaydev Unadkat    RCB : Virat Kohli, AB de Villiers, Sarfaraz Khan, Brendon McCullum, Chris Woakes, Colin de Grandhomme, Quinton de Kock, Umesh Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal, Manan Vohra, Kulwant Khejroliya, Aniket Choudhary, Navdeep Saini, Murugan Ashwin, Mandeep Singh, Washington Sundar, Pawan Negi, Mohammad Siraj, Nathan Coulter-Nile  SRH : David Warner, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Shikhar Dhawan, Shakib Al Hasan, Kane Williamson, Manish Pandey, Carlos Brathwaite, Yusuf Pathan, Wriddhiman Saha, Rashid Khan, Ricky Bhui, Deepak Hooda, Siddharth Kaul, T. Natarajan, Basil Thampi, Syed Khaleel Ahmed, Mohammad Nabi, Sandeep Sharma


THE 10 SPELLBINDING FACTS OF JAGANNATH TEMPLE IN PURI     1- Everyday a priest climes the dome of the temple which is 45 story building and changes the flag.This ritual is followed since 1800 years.   2-The flag at the top of dome of the temple always flies or flaps in the opposite direction of the wind.   3-The construction of the temple is complex. The main temple is surrounded by 30 other temples of different expanses.   4-On entering the temple from Singhadwara, the main door, the ocean cannot be heard till you come out of the temple.   5-The quantity of prasad cooked in the temple remains same everyday.The number of devotees fluctuates from 2000 to 20000 but regardless of the number of devotees, there is no wastage or shortage of prasad till today.   6-The prasad is cooked using 7 pots, one kept on the other in a pile. The interesting thing is that the contents of the top most pot is cooked first.   7-The Sudarshan chakra on the top of the temple will always face you from any place in Puri.   8-Neither planes nor birds, nothing flies above the temple.It is a no-fly zone.   9-The temple is constructed in such a surprising way that the shadow of the main dome of the temple cannot be observed at any given time.   10- Though the temple is open and indiscriminate among Hindu sub castes, it is not open for non-Hindus.